The University of Arizona
 

Library of Congress Headings for Indians of Arizona and New Mexico

In 2003 the US Department of Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), recognized tribal entities as independent, autonomous political entities with inherent powers of self-government, sovereignty and in some respects powers equal to federal/national states. BIA published the list of over 500 recognized tribes in the Federal Register on Dec 5, 2003. The Library of Congress' Cataloging and Policy Support Office (CPSO) subsequently changed their cataloging policy to tag Indian tribes as government/geographic names (151/651 MARC fields) in name authorities rather than the practice of tagging them as corporate names (110/610 MARC fields). CPSO published the list recognized Indian tribesOpens in a new window at their website and advises catalogers who are creating authority records for Indian tribes to refer to this official list. Because of this change is status, Indian tribal headings are now used in three different ways: 1) Indian tribes who had corporations established to run their operations, will still use their old corporate name headings, when applicable; 2) Indians tribes who have populated places/reservations, will use their reservation's geographic name headings, when applicable;and 3) Indian tribes who are recognized as govenment entities will use the new geographic name heading, when applicable.

Example: The San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation will have three possible headings: 1) previous corporate heading= San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona (110/610 MARC fields); 2) reservation heading= San Carlos Indian Reservation (Ariz.) (151/651 MARC fields); and 3) recognized government= San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona (151/651 MARC fields).

The following table provides a listing of geographic headings for reservations and geographic headings for recognized tribal governments in Arizona and New Mexico. In addition, the table provides authorized headings for prehistoric cultures known to have inhabited the greater Southwest.

  Prehistoric Cultures (650)  
  Anasazi culture– [USE Pueblo Indians (MSG)]  
  Hohokam culture (MSG)– [ancestors to Ak-Chin]  
  Hohokam culture (MSG)- [prehistoric ancestors to Hopi and Zuni ]  
  Mogollon culture (MSG)– [lived AD. 200- 1450, desert archaic culture known as Cochise]  
  Salado culture (MSG)– [lived A.D. 1150-1450, in Tonto Basin area, believed to be prehistoric early Hohokam culture]  
  Sinagua culture (MSG) – [2 branches, northern above Mogollon Rim and southern in Verde Valley area, believed ancestors to Hopi; narrower term is Salado culture]  
Tribal Entity / Legal Government Heading (MARC 651) Peoples- Subject Heading (MARC 650) Reservation Area – Geographic Heading (MARC 651)
INDIANS OF ARIZONA    
Ak Chin Indian Community of the Maricopa (Ak Chin) Indian Reservation, Arizona

Tohono O’Odham Indians

Piman Indians

Ak Chin Reservation (Ariz.)
Cocopah Tribe of Arizona

Cocopa Indians

Yuman Indians [broader term]

Cocopah Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
Colorado River Indian Tribes of the Colorado River Indian Reservation, Arizona and California

Mohave Indians

Chemehuevi Indians

Colorado River Indian Reservation (Ariz. and Calif.)
Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona [formally Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Community of the Fort McDowell Indian Reservation]

Yavapai Indians

Apache Indians

Mohave Indians

Fort McDowell Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Indian Community of the Fort McDowell Indian Reservation, Arizona [earlier: Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona]

Yavapai Indians

Apache Indians

Mohave Indians

Fort McDowell Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
Fort Mojave Indian Tribe of Arizona, California & Nevada Mohave Indians Fort Mojave Indian Reservation
Gila River Indian Community, Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona [valid for works by the community after 1978 but prior to 1982]

Pima Indians

Maricopa Indians

Gila River Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
Gila River Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation, Arizona [valid for works by the community between Dec. 30, 1998 through Nov. 25, 2005]

Pima Indians

Maricopa Indians

Gila River Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
Gila River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Gila River Indian Reservation of Arizona [valid for works by the community during period prior to 1979 and roughly between 1982 and 1995]

Pima Indians

Maricopa Indians

Gila River Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
Havasupai Tribe of the Havasupai Reservation, Arizona

Havasupai Indians

Yuman Indians [broader term]

Havasupai Reservation (Ariz.)
Hopi Tribe of Arizona

Hopi Indians

Shoshonean Indians [broader term]

Hopi Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation, Arizona

Hualapai Indians

Yuman Indians [broader term]

Hualapai Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation, Arizona

Paiute Indians

Southern Paiute Indians

Kaibab Paiute Reservation (Ariz.)
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico, & Utah [earlier: Navajo Tribe pre 1990]

Navajo Indians

Athapascan Indians [broader term]

Navajo Indian Reservation
Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona Yaqui Indians Pascua Village (Ariz.)
Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation, California & Arizona

Yuma Indians

Yuman Indians [broader term]

Fort Yuma Reservation (Ariz. and Calif.)
Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River Reservation, Arizona Pima Indians Maricopa Indians Salt River Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona Apache Indians San Carlos Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe of Arizona

Paiute Indians

Navajo Indians

 
Tohono O’odham Nation of Arizona Tohono O’odham Indians [Tohono O’odham Nation consists of 4 smaller Papago Indian Reservations: Gila Bend San Lucy, San Xavier, and Florence Village – No headings established for these smaller units] Tohono O’odham Reservation (Ariz.)
Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona

Yavapai Indians

Yuman Indians [broader term]

 
White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona

White Mountain Apache Indians

Western Apache Indians [broader term]

Fort Apache Indian Reservation (Ariz.) [White Mountain Indian Reservation (Ariz.) was divided in 1897 into San Carlos Indian Reservation (Ariz.) and Fort Apache Indian Reservation (Ariz.)]

Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation, Arizona

Yavapai-Apache Indian Community of the Camp Verde Reservation, Arizona [earlier until 1992]

Yavapai Indians Apache Indians Camp Verde Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
Yavapai-Prescott Tribe of the Yavapai Reservation, Arizona Yavapai Indians Yavapai-Prescott Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
INDIANS OF NEW MEXICO    
Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico [formerly the Jicarilla Apache Tribe of the Jicarilla Indian Reservation]

Jicarilla Indians

Apache Indians

Jicarilla Indian Reservation (N.M.)
Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico

Mescalero Indians

Apache Indians

Mescalero Indian Reservation (N.M.)
Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico

Acoma Indians

Pueblo Indians [broader term]

Acoma (N.M.)
Pueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico

Cochiti Indians

Keresan Indians [broader term]

Cochiti (N.M.)
Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico

Jemez Indians

Pueblo Indians [broader term]

Tanoan Indians [broader term]

Jemez Pueblo (N.M.)
Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico

Isleta Indians

Pueblo Indians [broader term]

Tanoan Indians [broader term]

Isleta Pueblo (N.M.)
Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico

Laguna Indians

Keresan Indians [broader term]

 
Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico   Nambe Pueblo (N.M.)
Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico   Picuris (N.M.)
Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico   Pojoaque Pueblo (N.M.)
Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico   San Felipe Pueblo (N.M.)
Pueblo of San Juan, New Mexico   San Juan Pueblo (N.M.)
Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico   San Ildefonso (N.M.)
Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico   Sandia Pueblo (N.M.)
Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico   Santa Ana Pueblo (N.M.)
Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico   Santa Clara Pueblo (N.M.)
Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico   Santo Domingo Pueblo (N.M.)
Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico   Taos Pueblo (N.M.)
Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico   Tesuque Pueblo (N.M.)
Pueblo of Zia, New Mexico   Zia Pueblo (N.M.)
Ute Mountain Tribe of the Ute Mountain Reservation, Colorado, New Mexico & Utah   Ute Mountain Indian Reservation
Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico

Zuni Indians

Pueblo Indians

Zuni Indian Reservation (N.M.)

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