Homol'ovi Research Program
This program has been active since 1984-85, under the direction of Dr. E. Charles (Chuck) Adams. Research is focused on several ancestral Hopi pueblos (villages) near Winslow in northeastern Arizona. The research studies the processes of aggregation in late prehistory (that is, the formation of large communities) and contributes to the interpretive programs at the Homol’ovi State Park.
After 15 years of concentrating on ancestral Hopi villages in the park, the Homol’ovi Research Program shifted its focus to Chevelon Ruin, a village contemporary with the other villages and located farther upstream. Chevelon pueblo is the third largest of the Homol’ovi settlement cluster villages—with around 500 rooms (see Map 1). Similar to Homol’ovi I, it seems to have been occupied from about AD 1280 to 1380. ASM archaeologists Adams and Rich Lange worked at the site from 2002-2006, supported by grants from the National Science Foundation and from Earthwatch.
Chevelon is especially intriguing because of its location upstream from the other villages, its location beside a spring-fed stream, and, in contrast to the other Homol’ovi villages, a higher percentage of pottery types from an area 100 km to the southeast. Work over the many field seasons focused on the origins, layout, and history of the site and on the nature of its interaction with the other villages. Preliminary work done in the summer of 2002 discovered an unusual layout of the village (a semi-circular roomblock arrangement of the highest part of the site—see Map 2), established the basic framework of the grid system, and noted a large number of areas throughout the pueblo with intense burning.