- To change with a new situation.
- A commercial chemical dye used to color fibers and textiles.
- In art, the organization of design elements to create a
sense of stability, or evenness.
- A straight, smooth sword-like wooden tool used to separate
warp threads on a loom.
- A Spanish term for flannel-like wool cloth ("baize"
in English). Historically, Navajo weavers unraveled bayeta fibers and re-wove
them into their blankets and rugs.
- A pair of weaving tools with handles and bent wire teeth for
brushing ("carding") the wool to clean and straighten it.
- A weaving tool shaped like a fork and used to beat the
weft threads tightly into the warp threads.
- A scale insect that lives on prickly pear cactus. Female
cochineal are full of red carminic acid, so they are collected, dried and
crushed to create red dyes that were highly prized by the early European
textile industry and still used today.
- A chemical mixture that adds color to fibers, yarns and
cloth. Dyes can be made from plants, insects, minerals and chemicals.
- (dee-NEH) Navajos refer to themselves as Diné, which means
- A long, thin thread of material like wool or cotton.
- Store-bought, aniline-dyed yarns used in Navajo weaving
since the mid-1870s. The name comes from the mill in Germantown, Pennsylvania
where it was first manufactured.
- Traditional Navajo house. Hogans are six or eight-sided
homes with a door facing east to greet the rising sun.
- Flat and parallel to the ground (the horizon).
- A Navajo word meaning harmony, balance, and spiritual beauty.
- To introduce new ideas or practices.
- Long Walk, The
- (Hweeldi in Navajo) The forced march of the Navajo people
in 1864 from their homeland to incarceration at Ft. Sumner (Bosque Redondo)
in eastern New Mexico.
- A machine or frame used for weaving cloth. A loom holds
the warp threads in place.
- A design element or theme in a work of art.
- A design or motif that is regularly repeated.
- To spread out from the center.
- Having to do with a certain geographic area, or region.
- Land held in trust for Native Americans by the United States
- A style of weaving with bold, zig-zag designs named after
the weaving center of Saltillo in northern Mexico.
- A wearing blanket worn wrapped around the shoulders.
- Serrate or Serrated
- A zig-zag design with sharp points.
- Large scissors for clipping the wool from sheep.
- Spider Woman
- According to Navajo tradition, the holy person who taught
the Navajos how to weave.
- Spirit trail
- (also known as the "weaver's pathway") A path of contrasting
yarn sometimes leading from the center of a Navajo weaving to the outside
edge as a symbolic release of energy, so the weaver can move on, renewed,
to the next weaving.
- To stretch, pull and twist wool into a string of yarn.
- A long stick with a round weight at one end used to hold
and twist wool as it is spun into yarn.
- A design that looks like steps, in cross-section, going
up or down (at right angles).
- A weft-faced fabric in which patterns are formed by colored
yarns woven in separate areas; in Navajo weaving, a very fine rug that
contains more than 80 wefts per inch.
- See 'Stepped'
- Customs, beliefs, practices and objects passed down from
one generation to the next.
- Upright, or straight up and down.
- In weaving, the vertical threads held in place on a loom
that form the foundation of a fabric.
- To make cloth on a loom by passing weft threads over and
under warp threads
- In weaving, the threads that are passed over and under
the foundation warp threads.
- Fibers such as wool, cotton or silk that have been twisted
into long strands.